The thyroid gland has a vital function in our body. There are a number of issues related with the work of the thyroid. To be more precise, its high or low activity can cause illnesses such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.
There are a number of issues related with the work of the thyroid. To be more precise, its high or low activity can cause illnesses such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.It is very important for a person to know everything about these conditions including causes, symptoms and treatments in order to successfully prevent them. Statistics show that 1 out of 20 people are likely to develop any kind of thyroid problem in their lives. Furthermore, women are more susceptible to these illnesses.
The difference between hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
These two conditions happen as a result of thyroid hormone imbalance. The production of this hormone should not be excessive nor deficient in order to halt hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism occurs when there is a deficiency of the thyroid hormone. The symptoms of this condition are muscle pain, cramping, trouble concentrating, and dry skin, excess fluid in the tissues, tiredness, thinning of the hair and sensitivity to low temperatures.
On the other hand, hyperthyroidism happens when there is an excessive production of this hormone and some of the symptoms are heat sensitivity, nervousness, trouble sleeping, sudden weight loss, anxiety, irritation, diarrhea and acceleration of the heart rate.
If the thyroid gland works really hard, a large lump can be formed in the throat as a sign of iodine deficiency. This is called goiter.
Lifestyle has a huge impact on the incidence of the above mentioned conditions. Some of the most common triggers are:
- Chronic stress
- Metal accumulation
- Toxins accumulation
- Iodine deficiency
Moreover, hyperthyroidism can be caused by Graves’ sickness, thyroiditis or toxic adenomas. Hypothyroidism can be caused by Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, thyroid removal or overexposure to lithium or iodine.
Prevention and Treatment
- Proper Nutrition
Proper nutrition is crucial for treating these conditions. Hence you need to avoid or minimize consumption of refined flours, processed foods, and sugar and to increase the consumption of selenium, omega-3 fats, zinc, and iodine since they improve the health of the thyroid.
Support the function of the thyroid by doing regular exercise.
- Reduce stress
Chronic stress can lead to adrenal exhaustion that can cause issues related to the thyroid. Thus, you need to do some relaxing activities and programs about managing stress such as breathing exercises, walks in nature, yoga, and meditations which will notably decrease tension and provide peace of mind and calmness.
- Heat therapy
Problems with the thyroid can also be treated with sauna sessions or heat therapies, since these methods can detox the body and get rid of toxins which cause thyroid problems.
- Nutritional supplements
There are a number of effective products which will help you keep a proper thyroid metabolism. However, consult a doctor prior using any supplements.
- Thyroid hormones
There are some potent therapies for replacement of the thyroid hormone. Ask your doctor for more information.
- Prevent the issues by preventing the causes
You need to prevent the biggest causes of these conditions like nutritional deficiencies, heavy metals, allergies and stress on time if you want to treat these thyroid problems. You should also avoid gluten and dairy products which lead to digestive distress.